Tuesday, 17 May 2011


Space Shuttle Endeavour launched on Monday 16th May 2011 from Kennedy Space Centre at first light of day. Within a few seconds she disappeared into the clouds in an uneventful flight into orbit.

Captain James Cook’s Endevour 1770, Emblem of Mission STS134 and Endeavour launch in the background, 16 May 2011. NASA 2011.Astronauts of Mission STS-134 putting on their parachutes as they enter Endeavour. NASA 2011.Mission STS-134 departed on board the Space Shuttle Endeavour early Monday morning. They plunged into the cloudy sky on their way to the International Space Station.

The remarkable departure was the culmination of a long process of preparations that included many delays, the latest lasting more than two weeks. All precautions were taken as everyone followed the wise words of NASA administrator Charles Bolden when he said “Stayed focused, particularly now that the programme is coming to an end.”

Endeavour is the second orbiter to be decommissioned after Discovery. The beginning of the final stretch of the 30-year shuttle programme lead by NASA. An emotional moment for the thousands of people committed to provide outstanding quality work at one of the best facilities in the world, which has become synonymous of excellence in science and education.

Lift-off of Space Shuttle Endeavour, 16 May 2011. NASA 2011.Separation of Endeavour from external fuel tank as it reaches orbit. NASA 2011.Travelling vertically at 2000 km/h, by the time the spacecraft reached an altitude of 24km, it had lost half of its original 2000 tons of weight, solely by burning propellant at a rate of 5000 kg/sec.

Two minutes into the flight, the twin solid rocket boosters exhausted their fuel and separated from the spaceship to fall into the ocean. Relieved of their weight, Endeavour reached speeds of over 5000 km/h at an altitude of 59 kilometres.

Seven and a half minutes into the flight the mission reached 103 kilometres in altitude travelling at 21,700 km/hr, which generated 3G of gravitational force onto the ship and the crew. Shortly after reaching lower orbit the spacecraft separated from the orange external tank to continue its route to the ISS.

External fuel tank views against the clouds. It will eventually burn-out on re-entry. NASA 2011. Opening of the pay load bay door allows the inspection of the Canadarm and the AMS-2. NASA 2011.

The Canadarm was essential in the inspection of the thermal protection system lining the underside of the shuttle. Particular attention was given to the leading edge of the wings and the nose-cap where the reinforced carbon-carbon panels are expected to be in perfect condition to protect the vessel from the tremendous heat generated by friction at re-entry.

Canadarm extending from the payload bay to inspect the underside of the shuttle. NASA 2011. Careful inspection of the heat protection system takes a full day. NASA 2011.

Mission STS 134: Commander Mark Kelly, pilot Gregory H. Johnson and mission specialists Mike Fincke, Greg Chamitoff, Andrew Feustel, and European Space Agency astronaut Roberto Vittori. NASA 2011.The mission

Mission 134, formed by Commander Mark Kelly, Pilot Gregory H. Johnson and Mission Specialists Mike Fincke, Greg Chamitoff, Andrew Feustel, and European Space Agency astronaut Roberto Vittori had a very busy schedule that required an extension to 16 days. They needed to coordinate sleep patterns to work more efficiently with their colleagues living at the ISS.

On the third day of the mission, the crew used the robotic arms to install the Express logistics carrier ELC-3 onto the space station. The next day was reserved for the AMS 2, also loaded in the cargo bay.

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometre and its location when installed onto the ISS. NASA 2011.One of the most important goals of this mission was to install the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometre (AMS 2) onto the ISS. A particle physics detector that will help advance studies of the origins of the universe searching for antimatter, dark matter and measuring cosmic rays. The program extends up to 18 years using the space station’s unique position as an observation post.

AMS 2 inside the cargo bay, ready for installation. NASA 2011. Spacewalk on day 5, retrieving experiments. NASA 2011.

The first spacewalk took place on day 5 when the astronauts retrieved ISS experiment material and secured it inside the cargo bay to return home.

On the sixth day of the mission, the crew of twelve on board the International Space Station got together in the Japanese module for a conference with the Vatican. They talked to Pope Benedict XVI, who in his address congratulated the crew for their courage and their work; an example of international collaboration for the common good. On the occasion the Pope also sent words of condolence to Paolo Nespoli for the loss of his mother, who passed away while he was at the space station.

The crew of 12 at the ISS salute the Pope via direct link with the Vatican. NASA 2011. Pope Benedict XVI addressed the crew at ISS in a video conference. NASA 2011. Paolo Nespoli and his mother Maria in 2010. She died on 2nd May while Paolo was at the ISS. Florida Today 2011.

On 23 May, Dimitry Kondratyev, Paolo Nespoli and Cady Coleman boarded the Soyuz TMA-20 module to return to Earth. They form the crew of Expedition 27, who for 6 months, called the space station "Home". As they left the station, Paolo Nespoli recorded invaluable images in video and still photographs of the Space Shuttle Endeavour docked to the International Space Station, which was practically complete. The astonishing pictures and video were made available to the public by NASA.

Soyuz and Endeavour docked to ISS before departure of Expedition 27. NASA 2011.

The three astronauts from Expedition 27 landed safely on the step of Kazakhstan. Unlike the Shuttle vehicles, the Soyuz uses a large parachute to slow-down its descent and fires its soft-landing engines as a final breaking manoeuvre when the capsule is a few metres above the ground. Additionally, the seats inside the capsule inflate to provide extra cushioning. Despite all efforts, the sudden deceleration is a tough experience when compared to landing on a runway.

The crew were met by a party from the Russian Space Agency, the European Space Agency and NASA. Following local tradition, they were extracted from the capsule and manually carried to their chairs. It usually takes four people to carry an astronaut, in the case of Cady Coleman, it took a single Russian official to carry her on his arms. A spontaneous gesture that brought a smile to those attending the event.

Map of the landing site of Expedition 27 / Soyuz TMA-20 in Kazakhstan. NASA 2011. Soyuz’s soft landing engines firing just before the capsule touches the ground. NASA 2011. Cadi Coleman emerges from the Soyuz after landing. NASA 2011. Cadi is carried in the arms of a Russian official. NASA 2011.

After their landing, the crew was flown to Karaganda to attend a traditional Kazakh welcoming ceremony. Astronaut Coleman and cosmonaut Kondratyev (Paolo Nespoli did not attend the ceremony) were given ceremonial coats and souvenirs commemorating their landing, those included a special edition of chocolates depicting Expedition 27, traditional Russian dolls featuring their faces, a golden figure of a deity riding a horse and a book about Yuri Gagarin and 50 years of space exploration.

Kazakh musical band at Karaganda. NASA 2011. Welcome ceremony at Karaganda. NASA 2011. Cadi Coleman receives presents from the Mayor of Karaganda. NASA 2011. Dimitry Kondratyev smiles during the ceremony. NASA 2011. Cadi received a traditional Russian doll with her face. NASA 2011. Souvenir presented to the crew of Expedition 27. NASA 2011.

Coleman mentioned that she was feeling “wobbly” after landing and needed assistance to walk on a straight line. In a later interview, Paolo Nespoli confirmed that the re-entry experience was tough, especially for him due to his stature and the extremely limited room inside the capsule. “The sudden effects of gravity feel as if you were lifting a 200 kg weight when attempting to move; on top of that, you have the vestibular symptoms that affect your balance.” All those effects are part of the normal process of re-adaptation following six months of life in space.

On a different note, Nespoli also commented that when he returned to his family, it took a moment for his 2 year old daughter to realize that “the person in front of her was the same that used to live inside the television screen,” as she only knew her father via teleconference for a quarter of her life.

Careful inspection of the heat protection system takes a full day. NASA 2011.Meanwhile, at the ISS; the Orbital Boom Sensor System that was part of the Space Shuttle was transferred and installed onto the space station, changing its name to ISS Boom Assembly. Three additional space walks were conducted to complete repairs and maintenance and on mission day 12, the space station assembly was declared complete after 12 years of work. A pinnacle of human achievement with 15 countries working together for a common future.

Endeavour also tested the STORRM (Sensor Test for Orion Relative Navigation Risk Mitigation) Navigation System that will allow future spacecraft park themselves. This means that docking and undocking will be safer and more reliable. This technology is based on high definition cameras aided by lasers and high-reflective markers controlling the flight with specialized software.

Night-Landing of Endeavour

Shortly after 2am on 1st June 2011, after flying 196 million kilometres (122 million miles) in 13 years of service, 25 challenging missions and 299 days in space, Space Shuttle Endeavour landed safely on a runway at Kennedy Space Centre. The orbiter that carried the first US assembly module to the ISS returned with its last mission STS 134, which completed the US contribution to the Station. Landing was uneventful in ideal weather conditions with very little tail wind.

Mission control monitor night-landing of Endeavour using infrared cameras. NASA 2011. Endeavour about to land at KSC. Infrared camera. NASA 2011. Endeavour landing, open parachute. NASA 2011. Endeavour landing, main gear touch down. NASA 2011. Endeavour, wheel stop at runway, waiting for astronauts. NASA 2011. Endeavour view on runway at KSC. NASA 2011. Front view of Endeavour’s cockpit. NASA 2011. Detail of Endeavour’s nose. NASA 2011.

After the routine check-ups, the crew emerged from the modified people transporter to do the traditional walk around the Shuttle, where they had the chance to greet and congratulate the ground crew and all the technical people that look after the vessel. In a short media conference, Commander Kelly talked about the great experience he shared with his colleagues during the mission. All the astronauts seemed to be in good spirit, only Greg Chamitoff required assistance walking about the landing strip. He did not join the crew at the post-landing debrief.

Space Shuttle Endeavour will be prepared to become a historical display vehicle at the California Science Centre in Los Angeles.

The crew emerges from the people transporter after medical check-up. NASA 2011. Mission Specialist Mike Fincke, who clocked 382 days in space making him the record-holder American astronaut, talking to the team on the ground as the astronauts walk around Endeavour. NASA 2011. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden welcomes the crew of STS 134. NASA 2011. Mission STS 134 wave the crowd goodbye. NASA 2011.


Shuttle Endeavour is the youngest of the vessels in the orbiter fleet. Originally delivered to KSC Shuttle Landing Facility in May 1991, it was built to replace Shuttle Challenger, which was lost to a launch accident in 1986. Her construction was an opportunity to implement many improvements, including:

  • A 12 metre diameter drag chute to reduce the rollout distance by up to 600 metres.
  • Plumbing and electrical connections improved to allow Extended Duration Orbiter missions of up to 28 days.
  • Updated avionics with advanced computers, navigation system and controls.
  • An improved version of the Auxiliary Power Units that operate the hydraulic systems.

The Endeavour journal of James Cook (1728–1779), founding treasure of the National Library. National Library of Australia 2011.Endeavour was named through a national schools competition. The winners, Sanatobia Middle School in Mississippi, selected the name of the ship of illustrious 18th century British explorer Captain James Cook.

The HMB Endeavour, guided by Captain James Cook, left Plymouth on Aug. 26, 1768. The famous expedition travelled by way of the Madeira, Canary, and Cape Verde islands and Rio de Janeiro and rounded Cape Horn into the Pacific. Cook rediscovered New Zealand, originally discovered by Abel Tasman in 1642. Overall about 3,200 km (2,000 miles) of Australian coast was surveyed. Cook also confirmed the existence of a passage between Australia and New Guinea (the Torres Strait). By way of the Indian Ocean and the Cape of Good Hope, the explorers reached England on July 13, 1771.

Although Cook’s mission was to observe the transit of Venus, his unofficial secret orders were to claim the great south land of Australia for Britain. Cook was an unskilled writer but his journal, preserved at the National Library of Australia, describes his experiences and thoughts, including the near disastrous foundering of the Great Barrier Reef in 1770. He also mentions meeting Aboriginal Australians for the first time.

Congress woman’s visit to KSC

Congress Woman Gabrielle Gifford was present at launch to send off her husband Mark Kelly, Commander of Mission STS 134, 16 May 2011. NASA 2011.Before the launch, the tradition is that astronauts have a meal with their families at Kennedy Space Centre. Their children write messages to their parents, which are framed and exhibited at the centre. Spouses exchange rings, usually worn by the astronauts in a necklace during the mission.

Congress woman Gabrielle Giffords was present at KSC to see her husband Mark Kelly travel into space on this historic day.

On January 8, 2011, Giffords was shot outside a Safeway in northwest Tucson during her first “Congress on Your Corner” gathering of the year. At least nine others were injured when a man ran up to the crowd and began firing.

The Arizona Representative survived a life threatening bullet injury to the head. The progress since then has been understandably slow but promising. She underwent another operation on the first day of astronaut Kelly’s stay at the ISS.

Launch delays

Mission 134 was riddled with small problems that were found in time to delay launch. On 29 April everything was ready, even the astronauts were on their way to the orbiter on board the Astrovan when they heard: “Endeavour launch is scrubbed.” A failure of a heater circuit in an Auxiliary Power Unit meant that the mission had to be postponed.

The last launch of Endeavour was quite an occasion. The media was ready for a big day, even the folks from Spacevidcast were broadcasting live from KSC. In retrospect, there were signs of a scrubbed flight all along as "predicted by Ben's hair."

Endeavour stayed on the launch pad the day launch was cancelled, 29 April 2011. NASA 2011. The crew of Spacevidcast were ready for launch day but in retrospect, there were clear signs of a scrub day. Spacevidcast, 29 April 2011.

The initial four-day postponement was not enough as among other things, the external orange fuel tank had to be emptied in order to explore and fix the problem. In the end, it took more than 2 weeks for Endeavour to be ready. Everyone had to pack up and return on 16 May for the definitive launch.


¤ Dumoulin, J. (2005).’Endeavour (OV-105).’Kennedy Space Centre, NASA. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ ‘Di nuovo a Terra, Paolo Nespoli parla in conferenza stampa da Houston’ (2011). European Space Agency. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 09 Jun 2011).
¤ ‘Endeavour’ (2011). NASA. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ ‘Endeavour blasts off for next-to-last shuttle mission’ (2011). CTV Ottawa. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ Humphrey, M. (2001) ‘Captain James Cook.’ Coo-ee Australia Calling [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ ‘James Cook’s Endeavour journal’ (2011). National Library of Australia. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ Kennedy, E. (2011). ‘John Gardner, marine artist.’ Scottishboating. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ ‘Space Shuttle Endeavour’ (2011). ‘John Gardner, marine artist.’ Scottishboating. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 16 May 2011).
¤ ‘Station Flyers Mourn Death of Crewmate's Mom’ (2011). Florida Today. [Online]. Available here. (Accessed: 08 June 2011).


¤ All images edited by ren@rt. Source: NASA, National Library of Australia, Spacevidcast.

Monday, 2 May 2011


The launch of space shuttle Endevour was scrubbed today 29 April due to failure of a heater circuit in an Auxiliary Power Unit. In the meantime, on the other side of the world a nation celebrated what was called “The Wedding of the Century”

 Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and Prince William Duke of Cambridge, and their corresponding coat of arms. At the bottom the newlyweds leave Buckingham Palace in Prince Charle’s Austin Martin with Prince William at the wheel. YouTube 2011The Royal Wedding of Prince William of Wales and Catherine Middleton caught the attention of the world today. The crew of the International Space Station joined millions around the world offering best wishes to the new royal couple.

A large crowd gathered along the path of the royal procession bringing London to life. It was a spectacular display of royal glamour worthy of the occasion.

Careful planning and thorough practice ensured a precise performance of the royal court, the police and the innumerable people involved in making this event a success.

Crew of the International Space Station pay their respects and offer their best wishes to the new royal couple. NASA 2011.

 Coat of arms of the House of Windsor. Prince Harry and Prince William as they arrive at Westminster Abbey. At the bottom, they salute the guards from their royal car. YouTube 2011.The groom, Prince William and his best-man and brother Harry, arrived at Westminster Abbey together wearing military uniforms. William wore his scarlet Colonel of the Irish Guard uniform with a crimson sash and a second blue sash featuring the Wings of the Royal Air Force, the Garter Star and the Golden Jubilee medal. Harry wore his navy uniform of Captain of the Household Cavalry.

After a short drive from Goring Hotel, Catherine, the bride, stepped out of her luxury car revealing her astonishingly elegant and timeless wedding dress designed by Alexander McQueen creative director Sarah Burton. The white dress had lace sleeves and shoulders, a swagged train and a fine veil of chantilly lace held by a diamond tiara borrowed from the Queen.

Catherine Middleton’s wedding dress by Sarah Burton from Alexander McQueen, as she arrives at Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011.

The Maid of Honour, Pippa Middleton surrounded by bridesmaids and pageboys as they arrive at Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011.As Catherine entered the abbey, she turned around to wave at the crowds that waited for days to see her; she also gestured goodbye at her former life to enter the world of royalty as she stepped into Westminster Abbey by the side of her father Michael Middleton.

The maid of honour, her younger sister Pippa, also caught the eye of the media as she astounded the world with her impeccable presence, wearing a long, cream silk gown as she assisted Catherine all along the ceremony, surrounded by the bridesmaids and pageboys.

The story in pictures

The Royal Family arrive at Westminster Abbey: Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip, Prince Charles and his wife Camilla Parker Bowles, Dutchess of Cornwall. YouTube 2011. Queen Elizabeth II meeting the clergy at Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011. First view of Catherine as she travels with her father in the royal car. YouTube 2011. Catherine coming out of the royal car at Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011. Catherine walking from the car by the side of her father, followed by her sister and Maid of honour. YouTube 2011. Catherine holds her father’s hand followed by her sister Pippa. YouTube 2011. The Bride’s trail. YouTube 2011. Catherine greeted by the clergy, Pippa’s dress. YouTube 2011. Catherine enters Westminster Abbey by the side of her father Michael. YouTube 2011. Catherine smiles behind her veil. YouTube 2011. The Middletons inside the Abbey, meet the priest. YouTube 2011. Bride’s party walk along the isle. YouTube 2011. Michael Middleton walks his daughter down the isle. YouTube 2011. Bride’s party walk by the choir. YouTube 2011. Harry and William walk back into the Abbey. YouTube 2011. Curious Harry looks at the bride. YouTube 2011. At the altar: William to Catherine: You look beautiful. YouTube 2011. At the altar: Happy couple. YouTube 2011. Prince William takes Catherine’s hand. YouTube 2011. A serious couple. YouTube 2011. Prince William’s wedding vows. YouTube 2011. Catherine Middleton’s wedding vows. YouTube 2011. Prince William says I will. YouTube 2011. Catherine Middleton says I will. YouTube 2011.

The Ring

Prince William struggling to slide the wedding ring into Catherine’s finger. YouTube 2011.The Welsh golden ring given to Prince William by the Queen, showed the last signs of resistance of the Royal House of Windsor in accepting the finger of a commoner. After some struggle, the groom managed to slide the ring into place and completed his vows of marriage.

The Lord Bishop of London summarized the meaning of matrimony in his advice to the couple:

“Be who god meant you to be, and you will set the world on fire; said St. Catherine of Siena, whose festival day it is today.
Marriage is intended to be a way in which man and woman help each other become what God meant each one to be; their deepest and their truest selves.
This is a joyful day. This is, as every wedding day should be, a day of hope.
In a sense, every wedding is a royal wedding, with the bride and the groom as Queen and King of creation, making a new life together, so that life can flow through them into the future.”

The weds. Hands tied. YouTube 2011. The weds, Catherine smiles. YouTube 2011. The weds, new couple, William - Catherine. YouTube 2011. The weds, old couple, Elizabeth - Philip. YouTube 2011. The weds, kneeling at the Abbey altar. YouTube 2011. The weds, wide angle view of Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011. The Bride Catherine Middleton as she enters Westminster Abbey next to her father. YouTube 2011. The Royal Wedding at the altar of Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011.

Westminster Abbey looked its very best decorated with flowers and trees, filled with sumptuous music and wishes of happiness. The ceremony proceeded flawlessly to the very last minute. The newlyweds retired for their legal proceedings in private and later emerged from the Abbey to receive the warmest of welcomes from the multitude that gathered cheering their names.

The weds, flowers at the altar. YouTube 2011. The weds, walking back from the altar. YouTube 2011. Catherine smiles after saluting the Queen. YouTube 2011. The weds, Prince William knowing smile. YouTube 2011. The weds, walk by the choir. YouTube 2011. The weds, salute clergy after the arch. YouTube 2011. Prince Harry and Pippa Middleton followed by their parents. YouTube 2011. Prince Harry and Pippa Middleton enjoy a giggle. YouTube 2011. The weds almost out of Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011. Prince Harry and Pippa Middleton followed by Prince Charles. YouTube 2011. The newlyweds stop at the door of Westminster Abbey. YouTube 2011. The newlyweds walk out of the Abbey followed by maid of honour. YouTube 2011. Prince William puts on gloves to board the carriage. YouTube 2011. Catherine jumps on carriage. YouTube 2011.

A short ride on an open carriage took them to Buckingham Palace for a champagne reception and photograph session, after which they appeared at the balcony to salute the public and delighted the crowds with not only one but two kisses, scenes of which appeared on all papers around the world.

The weds, salute the crowd from the carriage. YouTube 2011. The weds, looking cute on the carriage. YouTube 2011. The weds salute at the band playing God Save the Queen, Catherine bows, William salutes. YouTube 2011. The weds, Catherine smiles happily on the carriage. YouTube 2011. The weds, appear at the balcony of Buckingham Palace. YouTube 2011.  Catherine waves from the balcony. YouTube 2011.  The weds at the balcony with bridesmaids. YouTube 2011.  First kiss of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. YouTube 2011. The Queen, Prince Philip, Pippa Middleton, Prince Harry and James Middleton at the balcony. YouTube 2011. Prince Philip, Pippa Middleton and Prince Harry smiling. YouTube 2011. Carol Middleton, Prince Charles, Camilla at the balcony. YouTube 2011. The second kiss of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. YouTube 2011. Pageboys and Queen Elizabeth looking at planes from the balcony. YouTube 2011. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and brides maids looking at the sky. YouTube 2011. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and their families at the balcony. YouTube 2011. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge last wave to the crowd. YouTube 2011.

After the reception, the newlyweds surprised everyone again, leaving Buckingham palace with Prince Williams behind the wheel of his father’s blue Aston Martin while his colleagues from the air rescue service, hovered in a helicopter swinging the flag of his unit.

In June 2008, at the request of The Prince of Wales, who is keen that his cars should be run on sustainable fuel, the Aston Martin DB6 was converted to run on E85 bioethanol, made from English wine wastage.

The helicopter of Air Rescue hovers over Buckingham Palace. YouTube 2011. The helicopter of Air Rescue displaying the flag of Prince William’s unit. YouTube 2011. The newlyweds drive off on an Aston Martin. YouTube 2011. The Duke of Cambridge at the wheel of the Aston Martin. YouTube 2011. The newlyweds drive off as Learners in an Aston Martin. YouTube 2011. A close up of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge driving off Buckingham Palace. YouTube 2011.

It was a day to remember that will pass to posterity as one of the happiest in the calendar of 2011.

How it all started, in the words of the protagonists
An interview with Prince William and Kate Middleton soon after he proposed


His new title: Prince William Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus.

Prince William is second in the line of succession, behind his father Charles, Prince of Wales.

Her new title: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.

She is to be addressed as “Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge.” Because she does not have royal or aristocratic background, she has no title of her own and cannot be addressed as “Princess Catherine.” Only Queen Elizabeth can grant her a royal title, which would change the way she might be addressed.


Pippa (Philippa) Middleton, the bridesmaid and younger sister of Catherine was said to have “stolen the show” at the Royal Wedding as her presence was unmissable during the ceremony.

Her curvaceous figure wrapped by a perfectly fitting cream outfit made by Sarah Burton was in the centre of view of all cameras around the world as she followed her sister when they entered Westminster Abbey. Later in the ceremony she was seen very busy with her duties taking the spotlight in front of everyone. She exchanged smiles with Prince Harry as they walked along the isle and later at the balcony of Buckingham Palace.

The media didn’t waste any time and gave her the name of “Her Royal Hotness,” appearing in every fashion and gossip magazine around the world. They even said that her popularity surpassed that of her sister Catherine.

Since then she is followed by photographers everywhere she goes, even when she tries to lead a regular life and go to work at “Table Talk,” a London party planning business, where she edits the online magazine for her family’s business “Party Pieces.”

Pippa Middleton following her sister at the Royal Wedding stole the show with her stunning looks. YouTube 2011. Pippa Middleton smiles as she travels in the Royal Carriage. YouTube 2011.


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¤ All images edited by ren@rt. Source: BBC, YouTube.